Kodi ndege zakutchire za New Horizons zili kuti?

Masamba a Spacecraft Mission
Woyendetsa sitima 2 Mpainiya & Voyager Kuyenda Galileo Cassini-Huygens
Rosetta Mtumiki M'bandakucha Ma Horizons atsopano Juno
Hayabusa2 OSIRIS-REx ExoMars

Ngati mwasankha mtundu wa desktop, ndiye kuti pulogalamu yomwe ili pamwambayi ikuwonetsani komwe New Horizons Spacecraft ili lero, mphindi ino, makanema ojambula. Ikuwonetsanso udindo wa Pluto komanso zinthu ziwiri za Kuiper Belt Objects, 2014 MU69 (yotchedwa 'Ultima Thule') yomwe inali chandamale cha New Horizon pambuyo pa Pluto ndi 2014 PN70 (yomwe kale idafunidwa). New Horizons yakwanitsa kuchita bwino mgwirizano ndi Ultima Thule - chinthu chopangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu ziwiri zoyandikana chomwe chidalumikizidwa ndikupanga chinthu chimodzi cha 35km kutalika ndi 15km mulifupi - pa 1 Januware 2019.



Mutha kutsitsa zojambulazo kumbuyo kenako mtsogolo munthawi yake kuti muwone kukhazikitsidwa kwake (Januware 2006), kuwuluka kwake kwa Jupiter (February 2007), kukumana kwake ndi Pluto (Juni 2015), kukumana kwake ndi Ultima Thule (Januware 2019) ndi kupitirira apo. Mutha kuimitsa nthawi iliyonse kuti muwone malo ake komanso malo omwe mapulaneti akamauluka. Batani la 2D / 3D likuwonetsa mapulaneti kapena mawonekedwe atsopano pa mapesi a '3D' kuyimira mtunda pamwambapa kapena pansi pa ndege ya kadamsana.

Ngati mwasankha mtundu wam'manja (woyeserera zazithunzi zing'onozing'ono) ndiye timakupatsani kanema yemwe amakulolani kuti muwone makanema apaulendo wa New Horizons kuchokera ku Earth kupita ku Pluto kupita ku Ultima Thule ndikupitilira.




16th Meyi, 2019: Zotsatira Zasayansi Zoyamba Zatulutsidwa

Ngakhale asayansi akuyembekezerabe zambiri kuchokera ku New Horizons (akuyembekezeredwa kupitiliza kutsitsa mpaka 2020) NASA idasindikiza lipoti lawo loyamba pazomwe apeza pakadali pano. Zina mwazofukufukuzi ndikuti Ultima Thule ndiye chinthu chofiira kwambiri kunja kwa dzuwa chomwe chidayendidwapo, ndikuti ma lobes awiriwa adakumana palimodzi modekha ndipo adatsekedwa limodzi (mwachitsanzo ma lobes awiri osazungulira ulemu wina ndi mnzake) atakumana. Kuti mumve zambiri chonde werengani NASA iyi Nkhani.


8th February, 2019: Ultima Thule ndiyabwino kuposa momwe mumaganizira poyamba

Thule waposachedwa

Ultima Thule ## le ili ndi mawonekedwe osyasyalika. Ndalama: NASA / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / Southwest Research Institute



Pofufuza zithunzi za Ultima Thule powonekera pomwe New Horizons idachoka, asayansi apeza kuti m'malo mwa Ultima Thule yokhala ndi zinthu ziwiri zozungulira, ili ngati chinthu chopangidwa ndi mtedza wovundikira chomata ndi chinthu chopangidwa ndi chikondamoyo.

Palibe chomwe chidawonekerachi chisanachitike pakuzungulira Dzuwa ndipo asayansi akuyenera kuyesa njira zomwe zimapangidwa pakupanga mawonekedwe awa. Nkhani .


24th Januware, 2019: Chithunzi chatsatanetsatane mpaka pano

Chithunzi cha Ultima Thule

Ndalama: NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI.

Chithunzichi chinajambulidwa pamene Ultima Thule anali pamtunda wa makilomita 6,700 kuchokera pa chombo, pa 05:26 UT (12:26 a EST) pa Jan. 1 - mphindi zisanu ndi ziwiri asanafike pafupi kwambiri. Pachisankho choyambirira cha kutalika kwa mamita 135 pa pixel, chithunzicho chidasungidwa muzokumbukira za spacecraft ndikutumizidwa ku Earth pa Jan. 18-19. Asayansi ndiye adanozetsa chithunzicho kuti apange tsatanetsatane wabwino. Nkhani .

3 Januware, 2019: Kusintha Kwatsopano.



Zosintha zotsatirazi kuchokera ku gulu la New Horizon zimapereka chidziwitso chatsopano kupatula kuyimira kwa Ultima Thule kwa 3D (komabe otsika). Osatinso zambiri zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa kuyambira pano mpaka pambuyo pa 10th pomwe New Horizons ili kumbuyo kwa Dzuwa kuchokera pakuwona kwa Dziko lapansi chifukwa chake kulumikizana ndi wailesi.


2 Januware, 2019: Ultima Thule ndiyofiira.

Ultima Thule ndi Wofiira

Kuphatikiza kwa zithunzi kuchokera ku masensa a 2 kukuwonetsa kuti Ultima Thule ndi yofiira - mwina chifukwa cha madzi oundana.

Ultima thule

Chithunzichi chojambulidwa ndi Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) ndichomwe Ultima Thule adabwereranso mpaka pano mlengalenga wa New Horizons. Idatengedwa pa 5:01 Universal Time pa Januware 1, 2019, kutangotsala mphindi 30 kuti ayandikire kwambiri kuchokera kumtunda wamakilomita 28,000, ndi sikelo yoyambirira ya mamita 140 pixel. Ndalama: NASA / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / Southwest Research Institute. Nkhani

2nd Januware 2019: Msonkhano Wa Atolankhani

(osatsimikiza chifukwa chomwe chiyambi chamsonkhanowu sichikupezeka pa youtube):

Ultima Thule ili ndi zinthu ziwiri zozungulira (zomwe tsopano zimatchedwa Ultima ndi Thule) zomwe zaphatikizana - zikuwoneka pang'onopang'ono. Izi ndizomwe zimatchedwa 'cholumikizira cholumikizira' ndipo zimabweretsa chiyembekezo choti kulumikizana ndi mabinari mwina kuthekera kambiri kuchokera pakupanga komwe kulipo mu lamba wa Kuiper. Zithunzi mpaka pano zaunikiridwa ndi Dzuwa lomwe lili kumbuyo kwa New Horizons. Zithunzi zamtsogolo zomwe New Horizons imadutsa pa Ultima zidzawunikidwa kuchokera mbali ndipo zidzakhala ndi mthunzi wokulirapo kuti zinthuzo zithetsedwe. Kutembenuka kwachepetsedwa pafupifupi kamodzi pa maola 15 aliwonse,


1st Januware, 2019: New Horizons Ayendera Ultima Thule.

Ultima thule

Ultima Thule amajambulidwa ndi New Horizons asanakumane



New Horizons yabwezeretsanso lipoti lofanizira kuti lidayenda bwino potenga chidziwitso kuchokera ku Ultima Thule. Idzapitiliza kuchita sayansi isanatumize zambiri padziko lapansi. Chifukwa cha kutalika kudzatenga nthawi yayitali kuti tibwezeretsezo zonse - miyezi 20 yathunthu - koma tikuyembekeza kuti zithunzithunzi zina zomveka zidzabwezedwa masiku angapo otsatira. Ma Horizons atsopano azikhala kumbuyo kwa Dzuwa (kuchokera pakuwona kwa Dziko Lapansi) kwa sabata kapena kupitilira sabata ino zomwe sizikutanthauza kuti palibe zomwe zibwezeretsedwe munthawiyo, koma tsiku lililonse pambuyo pake zochulukirapo zidzabwezedwa. Nkhani ya NASA .

Gulu la New Horizons likudziwa kuti Ultima Thule ikuzungulira mozungulira yomwe ikuloza ku chombo - monga kuyang'ana woyendetsa kutsogolo, ndipo ikuwoneka kuti ikuzungulira kamodzi pa maola 15 aliwonse - kapena mwina maola 30 aliwonse. Makulidwe ake ali pafupifupi 35km ndi 15km.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza NASA, Dinani apa.


Disembala 20th, 2018: Ultima Thule akadali kadontho kakang'ono ... palibe mphete / mwezi wapezeka

Utlima Thule monga chithunzi cha New Horizons

Pazithunzizi zomwe zatengedwa ndi Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) ndikulowa ku New Horizons, Ultima Thule imachokera kumbuyo kwa nyenyezi ndikukula bwino pomwe chombo chikuyandikira. Ngongole yazithunzi: NASA / Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory / Southwest Research Laboratory / Henry Throop



Mawonekedwe atsopano ndi athanzi ndipo akuwoneka bwino kuti akumane ndi Ultima Thule pa Jan 1st 2019. Palibe mphete kapena mwezi womwe wapezeka kuti udziyendetsa kuti udutse njira yomwe yayandikira kwambiri kwa chinthucho. Nkhani.


Disembala 2018: Ziti zichitike pomwe New Horizons ikumana ndi Ultima Thule (MU69)

Zowonetsedwa pansipa zikuwunikira kukumana kwa New Horizons ndi Ultima Thule (MU69) ku2019/01/01 05:33 UTC

Akatswiri a New Horizons amalankhula zakukumana ndi Ultima Thule

Kugwirizana kwa amuna ndi akazi a gemini

Idzakhala yachangu ...

Misonkhano ndi Ultima Thule ichita mwachangu kwambiri kuposa Pluto Rendezvous. Sikuti New Horizon's ikuyenda mwachangu - kuthamanga kwake kudzakhala kofanana kwambiri, koma chifukwa Ultima Thule ndi yaying'ono kwambiri kuposa Pluto. Ndi Pluto (pafupifupi 2400km m'mimba mwake), New Horizons itha kuyamba kuyang'anitsitsa pulaneti laling'ono pakadali milungu ingapo. Koma chifukwa Ultima Thule imangokhala pafupifupi 30km m'mimba mwake, New Horizons izitha kuyamba kuthetsa tsatanetsatane wa tsiku limodzi kukumana.

Zikhala zowopsa ...

Kuyenda pafupifupi ma 10 mamailosi sekondi, New Horizons iyenera kuyang'ana zizindikilo za zinyalala / mphete / miyezi ing'onoing'ono yozungulira Ultima Thule, ndikusintha njira ngati pali chilichonse chomwe chatsimikizika. Kumenya ngakhale fumbi laling'ono pamtunda wa mailosi 10 pamphindi zitha kuwononga kafukufukuyu. Pambuyo pake ngozi iliyonse ikapezeka, kumakhala kovuta kwambiri kuyipewa.

Zikhala mbiriyakale ....

Uwu ndiye msonkhano wokhalitsa kwambiri. adayesedwapo kutali, ndipo sadzabwerezedwanso posachedwa. Palibe mautumiki ena omwe akukonzekera kukayendera kunja kwa dzuwa. Ino ndi nthawi yoyamba kuti tizichezera chinthu chomwe chakhala mu 'kuzizira kwambiri kwa danga kuyambira pomwe chidapangidwa. Zinthu zina zonse zomwe tidasanthula zimatenthedwa ndi Dzuwa ndikusinthidwa pakapita nthawi. Ultima Thule akuyembekezeredwa kupukusa zinthu kuchokera pakupanga kwa dzuwa ndiye chifukwa chake mwasayansi ndizofunikira kwambiri.

Kwa asayansi ndi mainjiniya zikhala zovuta kwambiri ....

Ndikumana ndi Pluto, panali ena odziwika ... monga malo enieni. Ndi Ultima Thule, malowa amadziwika koma osati molondola monga gulu la New Horizons likufunira. Adzakhala akugwiritsa ntchito njira zowonera kuti akonze malo kenako ndikuyendetsa chombo ndikumayandikira pomwe akuyandikira. Dzuwa silikuwoneka bwino ku Ultima Thule kuposa momwe zinalili ku Pluto zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zithunzi zizikhala zovuta. Nthawi yolumikizirana yozungulira ku Pluto inali pafupifupi maola 9 ndipo ku Ultima ndi maola 12. Izi zikutanthauza kuti zimatenga nthawi yayitali kutumiza malamulo ndikupeza chitsimikiziro chakuchita bwino kapena kulephera, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti pakakhala zovuta zimakhala zovuta kuzizindikira ndikuzikonza munthawi yake.

Katunduyo pakadali pano ali wathanzi koma ndi wamkulu zaka 2 kuposa momwe adakumana nawo komaliza ndipo zovuta zakulephera zimawonjezeka. Mabatire a nyukiliya nawonso akuchepa. Chombo chonse chimangokhala ndi mphamvu za ma watt 190 zomwe ziyenera kugwiritsa ntchito pochita zonse - kuyigwiritsa ntchito ndi zida zisanu ndi ziwiri, kuyendetsa makompyuta owongolera, kulumikizana ndikuwongolera kutentha.

Ultima Thule: Artists Impression Credit: Steve Grivven / NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI

Ojambula ojambula a Ultima Thule, okhala ndi New Horizons. Ndalama: Steve Grivven / NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI

Zikhala bwanji?

Yankho losavuta palibe amene akudziwa. Amayembekezeredwa kukhala thupi lozizira kwambiri lomwe ndi lakuda kwambiri kuyambira zaka mamiliyoni ambiri za radiation. Zikuwoneka kuti, pakuwona nyenyezi zikudutsa kumbuyo kwake, kukhala zopangidwa ndi zinthu ziwiri zozungulira zolumikizana - monga Rosetta's Comet. Itha kupukutidwa, ndipo itha kukhala ndi umboni wakutentha kwamkati kuchokera kuzinthu zopangira ma radio zomwe mwina zidakhalapo pakupanga kwake.

Zomwe zikuchitika tsopano ...

Kuyambira mu Ogasiti gululi lakhala likuyang'ana kwambiri pa Ultima ndikuyesera kudziwa miyezi ndi fumbi m'deralo. Pakati (16th) Disembala ndi nthawi yomwe timu iyenera kupanga chisankho kuti apitilize njira yomwe akuyenera kuyandikira mkati mwa 2170 mamailosi a Ultima kapena kusunthira mtunda wopitilira ma 6200 mamailosi.

Gululi likuwonanso zinthu zina za Kuiper Belt pafupi chifukwa uwu ndi mwayi wokhawo wowona zinthu izi pafupi zaka zambiri zikubwera.

Kodi tidzapeza liti deta?

chithunzi cha kalendala chosonyeza kukumana ndi nthawi

Pamsonkhano, chombo chonyamula ndege chikhala chikuloza zida zake ku Ultima ndipo sichitha kusinthasintha mbale kuti mutumize zambiri mwatsatanetsatane mpaka msonkhano utatha.

Zina zam'mbuyomu zimatumizidwa tsiku lomwelo asanakumane (zithunzi zokha 2-6 pixels kudutsa). Kukumana kudzachitika pa2019/01/01 05:33 UTC. Choyamba chomwe chidzamveke kukumana kumeneku ndi pamene New Horizons imabwezeretsanso zaumoyo. Zambiri mwatsatanetsatane zimayambanso kubwerera m'masiku otsatirawa, ndi mapikiselo zana pazithunzi zonse zikupezeka koyambirira kwa Januware 2.


Marichi 2018: Ultima Thule - Mbiri yotchedwa New Horizons chandamale chotsatira (MU69)

Pogwiritsa ntchito chidwi cha anthu, gululo lasankha 'Ultima Thule' (wotchulidwa ultima thoo-Galileya ”) Pa chinthu cha Kuiper Belt chomwe spacecraft ya New Horizons idzafufuza pa Jan. 1, 2019. Chodziwika bwino kuti 2014 MU69, chinthucho, chomwe chimazungulira kilomita biliyoni kupitirira Pluto, chidzakhala dziko lakale kwambiri lomwe lakhala likuwonetsedwa ndi spacecraft - mu Kutalika kwambiri kwa mapulaneti m'mbiri.

Thule anali chilumba chopeka, kumpoto chakumpoto m'mabuku azaka zapakatikati komanso zojambulajambula. Ultima Thule amatanthauza 'kupitirira Thule'-- kupitirira malire a dziko lodziwika-kutanthauza kuwunika kwa zinthu zakutali za Kuiper Belt ndi Kuiper Belt zomwe New Horizons ikuchita, zomwe sizinachitikepo.

“MU69 ndiye Ultima Thule wotsatira waumunthu,” anatero Alan Stern, wofufuza wamkulu wa New Horizons wochokera ku Southwest Research Institute ku Boulder, Colorado. 'Zombo zathu zamlengalenga zikudutsa malire a maiko odziwika, zomwe zidzakwaniritsidwe motsatira ntchitoyi. Popeza uku ndikufufuza kwakutali kwambiri kwa chinthu chilichonse m'mbiri, ndimakonda kunena kuti Ultima, yemwe ndi chandamale chathu, ndikuimira kufufuzaku komaliza kwa NASA ndi gulu lathu. ” Nkhani



Seputembara 2017: Pluto woyamba amatchulidwa mwalamulo

Zinthu za Pluto Zotchulidwa

14 mwa zomwe zili ku Pluto tsopano zili ndi mayina ovomerezeka a IAU - ambiri mwa iwo adanenedwa koyamba ku gulu la New Horizons ndi anthu. Nkhani .

Njira yopita ku New Horizons yomwe ikumana ndi MU69 yasankhidwa ndipo idzayandikira kuposa ndege ya Pluto. Nkhani .

Pa 11th Seputembala, New Horizons idadzuka kutulo kwake kwa miyezi itatu yowunikira komanso kuyesa. Nkhani .


Ogasiti 2017: Cholinga chotsatira cha Pluto (2014 MU69) chadziwika ngati chosamvetseka

ojambula ojambula a MU69 okhala ndi mawonekedwe achilendo

Zowunikira pansi pa New Horizons chandamale chotsatira, 2014 MU69, zikuwonetsa kuti ili ndi mawonekedwe achilendo kapena ndi chinthu chabina pafupifupi 30km ndi 20km. Nkhani .


Epulo 2017: New Horizons igona pomwe timu ikugwira ntchito

M'mwezi wa Epulo, New Horizons idabwereranso ku hibernation kwa miyezi 5 pomwe ikupita ku chandamale chatsopano. Gulu, komabe, lili kalikiliki kukonza deta ndikukonzekera kukumana kwina. Komanso zawululidwa kuti 2014 MU69 ipeza dzina 'loyenera'. Nkhani.

Ogasiti 2016: Kutsiriza kwa Pluto Data Kubwezedwa

Pa Okutobala 25th 2016, New horizons idatumiza yomaliza ya 50 kuphatikiza GB ya data yolembedwa panthawi yomwe Pluto ikuwuluka mu 2015. Chombo chonyamula ndege chimangotumiza zidziwitso pakati pa ma 1000 ndi 4000 bits pamphindikati, ndipo zimatha kuchita izi pokhapokha madzi akuya space network ilipo, ndichifukwa chake yatenga nthawi yayitali kuti ibwezeretse deta yonse. Nkhani .

Disembala 2015: NASA idatulutsa kanema wapafupi wa Pluto

Ogasiti 2015: 2014 MU69 yasankhidwa kukhala chandamale chotsatira cha New Horizons

Kutulutsidwa kwa NASA (Ogasiti 2015). Nkhani (Okutobala 2015).

Julayi 2015: Zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa za Pluto mu miniti imodzi (err ... times 32)

Nayi fayilo ya ulalo kwa makanema angapo amphindi za zinthu za Pluto zomwe zidatulutsidwa ndi New Horizons. Chenjezo ku ubongo wanu - zonsezi kuti kanema aliyense akhale miniti, sayansi ikuwombera 'mwachangu komanso mokwiya'!

Pulogalamu ya 3D ya NASA

Maso a NASA pa Pluto

Kuti mutsatire kukumana uku kuchokera pakuwona kwa chombo, bwanji osatsitsa fayilo ya Pulogalamu ya NASA , sankhani New Horizons kuchokera pazosankha za Tours & Features ndikuwona momwe New Horizons imayendera Pluto ndi miyezi yake nthawi zonse.

Kukumana Kwatsopano kwa Horizons Pluto 14th June 2015: Zithunzi ndi Zowonekera

Mapu a Pluto

Madzi oundana a nitrogren amatuluka pa Pluto

Ma Horizons atsopano amapeza zitsime zoyenda mu mawonekedwe owoneka ngati mtima a Pluto. M'chigawo chakumpoto cha Pluto's Sputnik Planum (Sputnik Plain), mawonekedwe owoneka ozungulira owala komanso amdima akusonyeza kuti pamwamba pazinyalala zachilendo zadutsa mozungulira zopinga ndikupita kuziphuphu, mofanana ndi madzi oundana Padziko Lapansi. Zowonjezera: NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI. Dinani kuti mumve zambiri.

Madzi oundana a nitrogren amatuluka pa Pluto

Mbali yakumanzere ya dera lopangidwa ndi mtima ku Pluto ikuwoneka ngati madzi oundana akulu opangidwa ndi nayitrogeni ndi mpweya wina wachisanu. Zitha kuwonedwa zikuyenda mozungulira mapiri ndi zina m'mphepete mwake ndipo zimadutsanso ngakhale m'mabwalo amipanda yakale kuti mudzaze kapena kugawa mkati mwake. Asayansi akunena kuti mawonekedwe amtundu umodzi omwe amawoneka mu ayezi mwina atha kukhala chifukwa cha mayendedwe amakono omwe matenthedwe akukwera kuchokera pansi.

Kuwonetsedwa pansipa ndi mphepete chakumwera kwa madzi oundana:

Madzi oundana a nitrogren amatuluka pa Pluto Madzi oundana a nitrogren amatuluka pa Pluto Madzi oundana a nitrogren amatuluka pa Pluto

Ma Horizons atsopano adazindikira zodabwitsa zingapo zokhudzana ndi mpweya wa Pluto. Kuyeza kwaposachedwa (poyang'ana nyenyezi pomwe zimadutsa kumbuyo kwa Pluto kuchokera padziko lapansi kapena ma telescopes apadziko lapansi) kudawonetsa kuti kukakamizidwa kwamlengalenga kwa Pluto kukukulirakulira - motsutsana ndi kumvetsetsa kwasayansi komwe lingaliro loti Pluto adachoka patali ndi kukakamizidwa kwake kuyenera kutsika. Zowonadi gululi linali pachangu kuti New Horizons ikhazikitsidwe mlengalenga usanasiyiretu. Komabe zotsatira zoyambirira kuchokera ku New Horizons zikuwonetsa kuti kuthamanga kwamlengalenga kwatsikira pafupifupi theka la muyeso womaliza. Mwinanso New Horizons idafika ku Pluto pomwe mpweya wake ukugwa pomwe ukupita kuzizira kwambiri kapena china chake chikuchitika. Nkhani Yathunthu .

Komanso, monga tawonera pachithunzipa pamwambapa, New Horizons idazindikira kuwonongeka kwa mlengalenga wa Pluto pamtunda wamakilomita 52 kutalika ndi 31 miles kutalika. Apanso zigawozi sizimayembekezeredwa ndipo sizikumveka. Mvula imachitika gasi ya methane ikawonongeka ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa ndikupangitsa kuti mamolekyulu ovuta kwambiri monga ethylene ndi acetylene apange. Ma hydrocarboni awa kenako amaundana ndikupanga tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timagwera pang'onopang'ono ndikuwoneka ngati utsi. Nkhani Yathunthu .

Mtundu Wowonjezera

Asayansi a New Horizons amagwiritsa ntchito zithunzi zowoneka bwino kuti azindikire kusiyanasiyana kwa kapangidwe ndi kapangidwe ka mawonekedwe a Pluto. Zitha kuwoneka bwino kuti madzi oundana a nayitrogeni kumanzere kwa mawonekedwe amtima amasiyana ndi zomwe zili kumanja. Zowonjezera: NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI. Dinani kuti mumve zambiri.

Pluto

Mwezi wa Pluto Nix (kumanzere), womwe ukuwonetsedwa pano ndi utoto wowoneka bwino ngati chithunzi cha New Horizons Ralph, uli ndi malo ofiira omwe asangalatsa chidwi cha asayansi amishoni. Zomwe adazipezazo zidapezeka m'mawa wa pa Julayi 14, 2015, ndipo adalandiridwa pansi pa Julayi 18. Panthaŵi yomwe malongosoledwe adatengedwa New Horizons anali pafupifupi makilomita 165,000 kuchokera ku Nix. Chithunzicho chikuwonetsa zazing'ono ngati pafupifupi 2 miles (3 kilomita) kudutsa pa Nix, yomwe imadziwika kuti ndi 26 miles (42 kilomita) kutalika ndi 22 miles (36 kilometres) m'lifupi. Mwezi waung'ono, wopanda mawonekedwe wofanana ndi Pluto Hydra (kumanja) akuwululidwa pachithunzichi chakuda ndi choyera chotengedwa kuchokera ku chida cha New Horizons 'LORRI pa Julayi 14, 2015 patali pafupifupi ma 143,000 miles (231,000 kilomita). Zinthu zazing'ono ngati 0.7 miles (1.2 kilomita) zimawoneka pa Hydra, yomwe imatha kutalika 34 miles (55 kilomita) kutalika. Chithunzi Pazithunzi: NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI

Pluto

Mapiri omwe angotulukiridwa kumene ali pafupi ndi malire a kumwera chakumadzulo kwa Pluto's Tombaugh Region (Tombaugh Region), yomwe ili pakati pa zigwa zowala, zachisanu ndi malo amdima, okhala ndi mafunde ambiri. Chithunzichi chidapezeka ndi New Horizons 'Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) pa Julayi 14, 2015 kuchokera mtunda wamakilomita 77,000 (77,000 kilomita) ndipo adalandila Padziko Lapansi pa Julayi 20. Zinthu zazing'ono ngati kilomita imodzi (1 kilomita) kudutsa akuwoneka. Dinani kuti mumve zambiri. Chithunzi Pazithunzi: NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI

Flyover Wamoyo wa Phiri la Icy ndi Zigwa za Pluto
Mawonekedwe oyeserera awa a Pluto's Norgay Montes (Mapiri a Norgay) ndi Sputnik Planum (Sputnik Plain) adapangidwa kuchokera kuzithunzi zoyandikira kwambiri za New Horizons. Norgay Montes adasankhidwa mwamwayi kuti Tenzing Norgay, m'modzi mwa anthu awiri oyamba kufikira pamsonkhano wa Mount Everest. Sputnik Planum amatchulidwa mwamwayi kuti satelayiti yoyamba kupanga padziko lapansi. Zithunzizo adazipeza ndi Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) pa Julayi 14 kuchokera mtunda wa ma 48,000 miles (77,000 kilomita). Zinthu zazing'ono ngati theka la kilomita (1 kilomita) kudutsa zimawoneka. Ndalama: NASA / JHUAPL / SWRI

Pluto

Pakatikati kumanzere kwa mawonekedwe akulu a mtima wa Pluto - mwamwayi wotchedwa 'Tombaugh Region' - kuli chigwacho chachikulu, chopanda chigwa chomwe chikuwoneka kuti sichinapitirire zaka 100 miliyoni, ndipo mwina chikupangidwabe ndi njira za geologic. Dera lachisanu ili kumpoto kwa mapiri achisanu a Pluto ndipo adatchedwa Sputnik Planum (Sputnik Plain), pambuyo pa satellite yoyamba kupanga yapadziko lapansi. Pamwambapa pamawoneka kuti agawika m'magawo owoneka mosasunthika omwe amalumikizidwa ndi zikho zopapatiza. Zomwe zimawoneka ngati magulu amiyulu ndi minda yazenje zazing'ono zikuwonekeranso. Chithunzichi chidapezeka ndi Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) pa Julayi 14 kuchokera mtunda wamakilomita 77,000. Zinthu zazing'ono ngati kilomita imodzi (1 kilomita) kudutsa zimawoneka. Maonekedwe obisika a zina ndi chifukwa chakuphwanya kwa fanolo. Dinani kuti mumve zambiri. Chithunzi Pazithunzi: NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI

Pluto

Zithunzi zatsopano zapafupi za dera lomwe lili pafupi ndi equator ya Pluto zikuwonetsa kudabwitsidwa kwakukulu: mapiri achichepere ambiri akukwera mpaka mamita 11,500 pamwamba pamadzi oundana. Chithunzichi chidatengedwa pafupifupi maora 1.5 asanayandikire kwambiri Pluto ku New Horizons, pomwe malondawo anali pamtunda wa makilomita 778,000 (padziko lapansi). Chithunzicho chimathetsa mosavuta nyumba zazing'ono kuposa mailo kupitirira. Dinani kuti mumve zambiri. Chithunzi Pazithunzi: NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI

Pluto

Chombo chatsopano cha NASA cha New Horizons chinajambula chithunzi chokongola, chowoneka bwino kwambiri cha mwezi waukulu kwambiri wa Pluto, Charon, atatsala pang'ono kuyandikira pa Julayi 14, 2015. Chithunzicho chimaphatikiza zithunzi za buluu, zofiira ndi infrared zojambulidwa ndi chombo cha Ralph / Multi-spectral Visual Imaging Kamera (MVIC); mitundu imakonzedwa kuti iwonetse bwino kusiyanasiyana kwa zinthu zapadziko lonse pa Charon. Asayansi aphunzira kuti zinthu zofiirira kumpoto (kumtunda) kumadera akum'mwera - osadziwika bwino otchedwa Mordor Macula - amapangidwa ndi methane yemwe amapulumuka kuchokera ku Pluto kupita ku Charon. Charon ndi ma 754 miles (1,214 kilomita) kudutsa; chithunzichi chimatsimikizira zazing'ono ngati ma 1.8 mamailosi (2.9 kilomita). Zowonjezera: NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI

Pluto

Chiyambire kupezeka kwake mu 2005, mwezi wa Pluto Hydra amadziwika kuti ndi kadontho kopanda tanthauzo, kukula, komanso kuwunika. Zithunzi zojambulidwa paulendo wakale wa New Horizons wa Pluto-Charon system ndikufalikira ku Earth zatsimikiziratu izi zofunika kwambiri mwezi wakutali wa Pluto. Zochitika za Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) zidawulula thupi lopangidwa mosazolowereka lomwe limadziwika ndi kusiyanasiyana kwakukulu padziko. Ndikusintha kwa ma 2 mamailosi (3 kilomita) pa pixel, chithunzi cha LORRI chikuwonetsa mwezi wawung'ono wooneka ngati mbatata utali wa 27 miles (43 kilomita) ndi 20 miles (33 kilometres). Chithunzi Pazithunzi: NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI

Pluto

Zombo zapamtunda za NASA za New Horizons zidatenga mawonekedwe owoneka bwino kwambiri a Pluto pa Julayi 14, 2015. Chithunzicho chimaphatikiza zithunzi za buluu, zofiira ndi infrared zojambulidwa ndi Ralph / Multi-spectral Visual Imaging Camera (MVIC). Masewera apamwamba a Pluto mitundu yodabwitsa kwambiri, yowoneka bwino mpaka utawaleza wamtundu wotumbululuka, wachikasu, malalanje, ndi zofiira zakuya. Maofesi ambiri ali ndi mitundu yawoyawo, akuwuza nkhani yovuta ya chilengedwe komanso nyengo yomwe asayansi angoyamba kupanga. Chithunzicho chimatsimikizira tsatanetsatane ndi utoto pamiyeso yaying'ono ngati ma 0.8 miles (1.3 kilomita). Wowonayo akulimbikitsidwa kuti asinthe pazithunzi zonse pazenera lalikulu kuti amvetsetse zovuta za mawonekedwe a Pluto. Ndalama: NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI

Pluto

Pluto ndi Charon (8 Julayi). Dinani kuti mumve zambiri. Zowonjezera: NASA-JHUAPL-SWRI

Kumbali Yopepuka ...

Chosadziwika pa Pluto

Pepani ... Koma izi zimayenera kuchitika! - Dinani kuti mumve zambiri

Zotulukapo Zina

Nayi mndandanda wachangu wazolemba zina zofotokoza zofunikira zina kuchokera ku New Horizons.
Adalembedwa pano chifukwa nthawi zina zimakhala zovuta kupeza nkhanizi m'malo a NASA sabata limodzi kapena pambuyo pake.

Njira Yatsopano ya Horizons kudzera mu Plutonian System

Ma Horizons atsopano ku Pluto

Kuti muwone ulendo wa New Horizons pomwe umadutsa machitidwe a Plutonia, Dinani apa .

Ndege Zatsopano za Horizons

New Horizons Spacecraft (Artists Impression)

June 2016: New Horizons - Spacecraft ndi Pluto Encounter

Onani kanema wa NASA mwachidule cha zida za mlengalenga ndikupeza zina mwazomwe zikuyandikira kwambiri:

Chitsogozo Chaputala Chavidiyo:

  • 00:00 - 03:40: Chiyambi
  • 03:40 - 08:48: Ntchito Zosintha - zomwe timu ikuchita, momwe angalumikizirane ndi akatswiri, bwanji ma comms ndiosatheka poyang'anira
  • 08:48 - 11:20: Kusintha kwa Sayansi - kukambirana mwachidule za zithunzi zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa ndikuyenera kusonkhanitsidwa (zojambulidwa pa June 16).
  • 11:20 - 13:45: Flyby - Zomwe ndegeyo izikhala ikuchita pafupi kwambiri
  • 13:45 - 24:40: Chombo chamlengalenga - kapangidwe kake ndikuwunikanso mwatsatanetsatane zida zake.
    Mosiyana ndi kanemayo, mafotokozedwe aluso a zida zingapezeke pa izi John Hopkins tsamba.
  • 24:40 - 26:00: Kodi ma Horizons atsopano angapite kuti?
  • 26:00 - 27:34: 'Nthawi ya Pluto' - zinthu zolumikizana

2007: Jupiter Flyby

Montage of New Horizon Zithunzi za Jupiter

Kafukufukuyu adayamba kuphunzira za Jupiter ndi miyezi yake mwatsatanetsatane kuyambira Januware mpaka Juni 2007. Njira yake yoyandikira kwambiri kumapeto kwa Okutobala inali 2.3 miliyoni kuchokera padziko lapansi. Ntchentche-yowonjezeranso kuthamanga kwa New Horizons ndi 4 km / s yomwe imalola kuti ichepetse ulendo wawo wopita ku Pluto pofika zaka zitatu.

Munthawi ya ntchentche ya New Horizons adakwanitsa kuphunzira za m'mlengalenga wa Jupiter ndikuwonongeka kwa mphete mwatsatanetsatane kuphatikiza kulingalira 'malo ofiira' pang'ono kwambiri kuposa kale.

Njira yoyendetsa ndege ya New Horizons siyinayandikire pafupi ndi mwezi uliwonse waukulu wa Jovian, koma masensa ake opangidwa kuti azijambula zinthu zazing'ono pamiyeso yotsika pang'ono adatha kupeza zithunzi zochititsa chidwi za kuphulika kwa mapiri ku Io pakati pazowona zina zosangalatsa. Pansipa pali makanema ojambula a New Horizons omwe akuwonetsa kuphulika kwa IO.

Makanema ojambula a New Horizons a Io

Juni 2006: Asteroid 132524 APL

Mu Juni 2006, zidadziwika kuti chombo chodutsa pafupi (100,000 km) kupita ku asteroid yaying'ono yotchedwa 132524 APL. Ateroid iyi idawonetsedwa ndi kafukufuku wamlengalenga (ngati kadontho kakang'ono) ndipo adapeza, mwa zina zambiri zatsopano, pafupifupi 2.5km kudutsa.

Januware 2006: Kutsegulidwa Kwatsopano Kwambiri

Ma Horizons atsopano idakhazikitsidwa pa 19th Januware 2006 molunjika mu njira ya Earth-and-Solar-escape. Inali ndi mathamangidwe apamwamba kwambiri kuposa mamuna aliyense wopanga chinthu chopitilira 16km / s padziko lapansi.

Ndandanda Yoyamba

Chifukwa chothamanga kwambiri, New Horizons idatenga njira yolunjika kupita ku Pluto osagwiritsa ntchito zida zambiri zokoka kuti zikwaniritse mathamangidwe abwino. Ndandanda yoyamba ya ntchito yake yalembedwa pansipa:

Kuyendetsa Tsiku
Earth, Yambitsani 19 Januware 2006
132524 APL, Flyby 13 Juni 2006
Jupiter, Flyby 28 Feb 2007
Pluto, Flyby 14 Juni 2015
Onaninso ma KBO ena 2016-2020
Kutha kwa Ntchito 2026

Zambiri:

NASA yatsopano ya Horizons Mission
Horizons Zatsopano - Wikipedia